Understanding Fusion Media Broker Ports

This diagram explains what values should be specified when adding Media Broker configuration to a FCSDK installation:

SIP Network

Local Address CIDR is the address range the Media Broker will bind to for RTP communications on the SIP Network.

Note: If you have 2 network interfaces on the box don't use 'all' as the CIDR but target the internal interface only For example X.X.X.X/32

WebRTC Client

Source CIDR Address - is the address range on which the Gateway will receive WebRTC traffic from clients

Note: If all external traffic comes via a single ReverseProxy you can create a rule with the ReverseProxy internal address as the Source CIDR (X.X.X.X/32) with the Public address as the external firewall address.  Then to allow internal clients to connect directly to the Gateway you can create a 2nd rule with 'all' as the Source CIDR with the Public address as the internal Media Broker address.

Public Address - is the address the client must send RTP traffic to; typically the front of a firewall.

Local Address - is the address the Media Broker will bind to in order to receive RTP traffic

 

Configuring Multiple Media Broker Ports

Media Brokers of FCSDK 2.1.31 introduces simultaneous rtp-proxy processes for managing calls.  This impacts how ports are allocated between these processes.

  • SIP port Range - These ports are distributed across the rtp-proxy instances, in groups of 4.
    • Number of SIP-Ports to allocated = (4 ports for every WEB-RTC Client per call)x( Maximum Number of Concurrent calls on a Media Broker) + (a small contingency [eg: 10%]).
    • Ports are not reallocated immediately when a call is ended, so on smaller systems the contingency should be a larger percentage.
  • WEB-RTC Port Range:
    • Number of WEB-RTC Ports to Allocated = (Number of rtp-proxy processes [default is 5]).
  • It is necessary to allocate the same number of ports to each Source CIDR Address to ensure that each rtp-proxy process can assign the correct interface/port pair to a call.

Example Configuration:

Above is an example configuration for 1 Media Broker with 5 rtp-proxy processes.  It is intended to be used with Live Assist™; where a consumer's media is sent to a public IP address, but Agent media is sent to an internal interface.

It is possible to allocate the same local port and interface (eg: 172.31.252.111:16000) against each CIDR.

 

General Warning

When modifications to the ports are made all rtp-proxy processes will restart to acquire their new config.  This will terminate any calls in progress.

Advanced Configuration

In case of a public Internet or ISP outage, some installations require that a Media Broker supports more than a single public Media Broker Address.  This can be done by:

  • Defining 2 (or more) Source Addresses for each ISP.
  • Allocating disjoint sets of public addresses against each source address.

If an ISP becomes unavailable the Media Broker will stop receiving requests from the ISP; as a result the set of public addresses will never be allocated.

 

 

 

 

 

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